(A) What is obesity and what causes it?

Obesity is a medical condition that occurs when a person carries excess weight or body fat that might affect their health. A doctor will usually suggest that a person has obesity if they have a high body mass index.

(B) What is BMI?

Body mass index (BMI) is a tool that doctors use to assess if a person is at an appropriate weight for their age, sex, and height. The measurement combines height and weight.


(C) Causes of obesity?

1) Consuming too many calories


A person has a lower risk of obesity if their diet consists mainly of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains.

When a person consumes more caloriesthan they use as energy, their body will store the extra calories as fat. This can lead to excess weight and obesity.

Also, some types of foods are more likely to lead to weight gain, especially those that are high in fats and sugars.

Foods that tend to increase the risk of weight gain include:

  • fast foods
  • fried foods, such as french fries
  • fatty and processed meats
  • many dairy products
  • foods with added sugar, such as baked goods, ready-made breakfast cereals, and cookies
  • foods containing hidden sugars, such as ketchup and many other canned and packaged food items
  • sweetened juices, sodas, and alcoholic drinks
  • processed, high-carb foods, such as bread and bagels

Some processed food products contain high-fructose corn syrup as a sweetener, including savory items, such as ketchup.

Eating too much of these foods and doing too little exercise can result in weight gain and obesity.

A person who consumes a diet that consists mainly of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and water is still at risk of gaining excess weight if they overeat, or if genetic factors, for example, increase their risk.

However, they are more likely to enjoy a varied diet while maintaining a healthy weight. Fresh foods and whole grains contain fiber, which makes a person feel full for longer and encourages healthy digestion.

How many calories should I eat a day?

Click here to find out how many calories you need each day.


2) Leading a sedentary lifestyle


Regular physical activity can help prevent obesity.

Many people lead a much more sedentary lifestyle than their parents and grandparents did.

Examples of sedentary habits include:

  • working in an office rather than doing manual labor
  • playing games on a computer instead of doing physical activities outside
  • going to places by car instead of walking or cycling

The less a person moves around, the fewer calories they burn.

Also, physical activity affects how a person's hormones work, and hormones have an impact on how the body processes food.

Several studies have shown that physical activity can help to keep insulin levels stable and that unstable insulin levels may lead to weight gain.

Researchers who published a review in BMJ Open Sport and Exercise Medicine in 2017 noted that, while the designs of some studies make it hard to draw exact conclusions, "A lifestyle incorporating regular [physical activity] has been identified as a key factor for maintaining and improving many aspects of health, including insulin sensitivity."

Physical activity need not be training in the gym. Physical work, walking or cycling, climbing stairs, and household tasks all contribute.

However, the type and intensity of activity may affect the degree to which it benefits the body in the short- and long-term.

3) Not sleeping enough


Research has suggested that missing sleep increases the risk of gaining weight and developing obesity.

When a person does not sleep enough, their body produces ghrelin, a hormone that stimulates appetite. At the same time, a lack of sleep also results in a lower production of leptin, a hormone that suppresses the appetite.

4) Endocrine disruptors


Endocrine disruptors is a  natural or synthetic chemical that mimics or blocks the action of a natural hormone and that may disrupt the body'sendocrine system.

Scientists believe there is a link between high consumption of fructose and obesity and metabolic syndrome. Authorities have raised concerns about the use of high-fructose corn syrup to sweeten drinks and other food products.

Foods that contain high-fructose corn syrup include:

  • sodas, energy drinks, and sports drinks
  • candy and ice cream
  • coffee creamer
  • sauces and condiments, including salad dressings, ketchup, and barbecue sauce
  • sweetened foods, such as yogurt, juices, and canned foods
  • bread and other ready-made baked goods
  • breakfast cereal, cereal bars, and "energy" or "nutrition" bars

To reduce your intake of corn syrup and other additives:

5) Medications and weight gain


Some medications can also lead to weight gain.

Results of a review and meta-analysis published in The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism in 2015 found that some medicines caused people to gain weight over a period of months.

  • atypical antipsychotics, especially olanzapine, quetiapine, and risperidone
  • anticonvulsants and mood stabilizers, and specifically gabapentin
  • hypoglycemic medications, such as tolbutamide
  • glucocorticoids used to treat rheumatoid arthritis
  • some antidepressants

(D) 10 Effective Ways to Reduce Obesity

(10) Take some Honey


(9) Take Apple Cider Vinegar


(8)  Add Some Spices To Your Tea


(7) Vegetables and Fruits


(6)  Feast On High Fiber Foods

(5) Stick To 3 Meals A Day

(4) Homemade Food is the Best

(3 )Take Some Green Tea


2. Exercising

1. Keep Hydrated


(D) Role of “FAT FIGHTER”Capsule To Reduce the Obesity

(1) Kokam Satv:-

   Kokum is being investigated as a natural weight loss aid because it contains hydroxycitric acid (HCA), a compound found in the dried rind—the spice itself. HCA is a known appetite suppressant, and numerous studies show that ingesting HCA not only leads to weight loss, but fat loss.

(2) Medohar Gugal

         Medohar Guggulu is a polyherbal ayurvedic medicine. It prescribed for Medoroga. Medohar Guggulu has anti-obesity properties and helps to reduces weight. It is also helpful in treating disorders related to obesity.

(3) Suddh Gugal

Shuddha Guggulu acts as an anti-obesity agent. It works by stimulating the burning of fats in the body. It also possesses hypolipidemic properties, which help to reduce the serum cholesterol levels. The anti-inflammatory action of this medication helps to control inflammation, redness, swelling, and tenderness in different parts of the body. It also acts as an antioxidant and scavenges the free radicals while delaying the effect of advancing age on the health of the organs.

(4) Triphla Satv

Triphala is an herbal formula consisting of three distinct fruit-bearing plants. Triphala supplements for fat loss are suggested to work by:

  • Maintaining proper digestion. Triphala enhances the gastrointestinal environment and function.
  • Exerting hypoglycemic effects. Research suggests it may reduce sugar and lipid levels.
  • Reducing carbohydrate absorption. The amalaki component may limit enzymes responsible for carbohydrate absorption.

(5) Methi Satv

 Methi is a good source of soluble fibre and is excellent for digestion role . It also  play an important role to reduce the obesity. Methi or fenugreek are a storehouse of health benefits too.

(5) Chitrak Mool

Chitrak is a natural herb that  is traditionally used to ignite the digestive fire thus promoting healthy metabolism and illimination of toxins from the intestines.

It also helps to reduce Kapha and energize the body by supporting proper absorption and assimilation of the nutrients. Chitrakmool is  one of the key ingredents used in the formulation of healthy weight management formulas by Chakarapani Ayurveda.